Two original, hot chili recipes: Buffalo Wings and tri-tip

Buffalo Wing Chili

Hot wings, hot chili

NOTE: EACH OF THESE HOT CHILIS WILL TAKE AT LEAST 10 HOURS TO COOK. BUT IT WILL BE WORTH IT!
(These are original recipes. They were first presented at the St. Andrew’s Chili Cook Off, in Ben Lomond, CA.)
Each recipe serves 6-8.

BUFFALO WING CHILI

MEAT 3 – 3 ½ lbs chicken wings (about 15 wings)

MEAT SPICES
sea salt (to taste)
fresh grown black pepper (to taste)
garlic pepper

MEAT INGREDIENTS
¼ lb bacon
flour
2 oz. Tobasco hot sauce
4 cloves fresh garlic (smashed)
½ yellow onion

BEANS
1 cup dried white//Navy beans (makes 3 cups)

CHILI SPICES
4 large green sereno or anaheim peppers (roasted and peeled)
2 tblsp paprika
1 tblsp cumin
1 tblsp chipotle chili powder (or to taste)
2 tblsp dried parsley(or ¼ cup fresh chopped)

OTHER INGREDIENTS
½ cups chopped celery (¼ inch)
1 cups chopped carrots (¼ inch)
4 cups low-salt vegetable broth
2 tblsp corn starch
one bunch chopped green onions

SOAK one cup of dry beans for at least 12 hours in three cups of water, after washing them and culling any bad beans. After soaking, WASH beans again, add two cups of vegetable broth, and boil on low heat for 90 minutes.

CUT bacon strips in small cubes, FRY on medium heat in large frying pan until crisp. Drain bacon, set aside. DRAIN all but 2 tblsp of fat, scraping pan.

PREHEAT oven to 375 F. Coat deep baking dish with bacon fat.

CUT tip bone off wings. ADD salt and pepper to flour. COAT all wings in beaten eggs, TOSS in flour mixture and bake until golden, about 50 minutes,turning once. Set aside to cool.

CHOP onions, peel, smash and chop garlic. BROWN in same fry pan until carmelizing begins. Stir garlic and onions thoroughly.

CUT fresh peppers lengthwise, clean out seeds. Place face down in broiler, BROIL under high heat until skins are black. Remove, cool slightly, peel off skins. Chop. Set aside. (Wash hands.)

PEEL and CHOP carrots, chop celery, in quarter inch pieces.

COMBINE garlic, onions, chopped peppers, carrots and celery in heavy roasting pot or large deep skillet.

COMBINE in small bowl all dry ingredients – paprika, cumin, chili powder, and parsley.

REMOVE bones and grizzle from cooked chicken wings, CHOP in bite-sized pieces. TOSS thoroughly in generous amounts of Tobasco, coating all surfaces. Set aside in bowl .

ADD broth to large pot, heat to warm. ADD beans, meat (chicken and bacon)and dry ingredients.STIR thoroughly.

COVER and SIMMER for at least six hours, stirring gently, occasionally.

A HOT CHILI

MEAT 3 lbs tri-tip (trim all fat, cut in 1 in. cubes)

MEAT SPICES
sea salt (to taste)
fresh grown black pepper (to taste)

MEAT INGREDIENTS
½ lb bacon
8 cloves fresh garlic (smashed)
1 yellow onion (chopped)
12 oz Guinness stout

BEANS
1 cup dried red beans (makes 3 cups)

CHILI SPICES
2 medium red or green jalapeno peppers (roasted and peeled)
4 small red sereno peppers (roasted and peeled)
2 tblsp dried oregano
2 tblsp paprika
1 tblsp cumin
1 tblsp chili powder (or to taste)
1 tblsp chipotle chili powder
2 tblsp dried cilantro (or ¼ cup fresh chopped)

OTHER INGREDIENTS
4 large or six med tomatoes (chopped)
2 cups low-salt vegetable broth
2 tblsp corn starch
grated sharp cheddar (sprinkle as served)

SOAK one cup of dry beans for at least 12 hours in three cups of water, after washing them and culling any bad beans. After soaking, WASH beans again add two cups of vegetable broth, and boil on low heat for 90 minutes.

CUT bacon strips in small cubes, FRY on medium heat in large frying pan until crisp. Drain bacon, set aside. DRAIN all but 4 tblsp of fat, scraping pan.

TRIM all fat and CUT tri-tip into 1 inch cubes. Heat bacon fat on medium heat, BROWN cubed beef, turning frequently until browned on all sides, adding dashes of salt and pepper. Set aside.

CHOP onions, peel, smash and chop garlic. BROWN in same fry pan until carmelizing begins. Stir meat, garlic and onions thoroughly, lower heat to medium simmer. Add Guinness, cover and SIMMER for at least 3 hours.

CUT fresh peppers lengthwise, clean out seeds. Place face down in broiler, BROIL under high heat until black. Remove, cool slightly, peel off skin. Chop. Set aside. (Wash hands.)

CHOP tomatoes, after removing stems.

COMBINE chopped peppers and tomatoes (with all juice)in heavy roasting pot or large deep skillet.

COMBINE in small bowl all dry ingredients – oregano, paprika, cumin, chili powders, and cilantro.

ADD to dry ingredients to peppers and tomatoes in large pot. ADD beans, meat (beef and bacon), heat to warm. Add corn starch. STIR thoroughly.

COVER and SIMMER for at least six hours, stirring gently, occasionally.

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The most famous Holtzclaw founded the first black college in Mississippi

William Henry Holtzclaw, founder of the Utica Institute, Mississippi

William Henry Holtzclaw, 1876-1943, founder of the Utica Institute

William Henry Holtzclaw, born during the centennial year of the nation that brought his slave ancestors from Africa, is arguably the most famous of my ancestors.

Nearly two hundred years after the first Holtzclaws arrived in Virginia, William, son of a slave, founded the Utica Institute in northern Mississippi, the first school of higher education for blacks in Mississippi.

On Sept. 12, President Obama declared the week of Sept. 12-18 as National Historically Black Colleges and Universities Week. White House-sponsored events were scheduled to raise awareness of and support the efforts of the nation’s 105 historically black colleges. The week’s events are part of a conference organized by the White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities.

African-American Holtzclaws do not appear in the scholarly geneology of the Holtzclaws in America, published at the University of Richmond in the 1930s. But among the hundreds of Holtzclaw families that scattered throughout the Piedmont and the Deep South in the years following the arrival of Jacob Holtzclaw and his two sons in the Germanna settlement in northern Virginia in 1714, census records, sadly, indicate that some had become wealthy enough to own slaves. So it’s not surprising that the line(s) of African-American Holtzclaws emerged during Reconstruction, especially in Alabama and Georgia.

I discovered William Henry Holtzclaw’s book, a special Bicentennial edition, at the library at North Carolina State University in 1978, about a year after my daughter was born.

The Black Man’s Burden
by William Henry Holtzclaw
Principal of the Utica Normal and Industrial Institute for the Training of Colored Young Men and Young Women, Utica Institute, Mississippi, 1915

from the introduction by
Booker T. Washington [author of White Man’s Burden]
Principal of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama:

“Among the students who entered Tuskegee Institute in the fall of 1890 was a young man from Roanoke, Alabama. Like most of the students who came to use in those early days, he was very poor, and in order to make his way he found it necessary to enter the night school…He had not been in school very long, however, before he succeeded in attracting the attention of his teachers by the earnestness which he displayed, both in the work to which he was assigned during the day and in his studies in the class room at night….This book is the story of that young man’s life….[a] book of inspiration…[that] shows what pluck and patience and understanding can do, in the face of many difficulties and discouragements, to establish schools that will not only instruct, but will direct and inspire the masses of our people in their efforts for better things….The book that Mr. Holtzclaw has written…is the story not merely of an individual, or of a school, but it is at the same time a very important chapter in the history of Negro education.” – Booker T. Washington

From the Booker T. Washington papers, 1906 (University of Illinois):

“William Henry Holtzclaw, born in the log cabin of a sharecropping family near Roanoke, Ala., in 1874 or 1876, was the perfect disciple of the founder of Tuskegee. A regular field hand at the age of nine, he was determined to improve his education and his lot. Beginning in 1890 in the A preparatory class of the Tuskegee night school, he worked his way through to graduation in 1898, working as a printer as soon as he had learned the trade in the Tuskegee shop. A brother and sister followed him to the Institute. After his father’s death midway through his course, Holtzclaw taught school for a time to support his family, but returned to complete his education. Turning down an offer to teach at Tuskegee, he taught for four years at Snow Hill Industrial Institute in Alabama, and then founded his own school in Mississippi, Utica Normal and Industrial Institute, on the Tuskegee model. Beginning in a brush arbor in 1902, he gradually built a school with aid from the Slater Fund and northern donors. Most of his teachers were Tuskegee graduates, as was his wife, who had charge of the girls’ industries. Utica was a mirror of Tuskegee, both on campus and in its extension services to the surrounding black rural people. Continuing his self-improvement, Holtzclaw earned a master’s degree at the Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical College in 1908, and attended Harvard summer sessions for a decade. In 1915 he wrote The Black Man’s Burden, which emphasized his civilizing mission in “darkest Mississippi.”

Holtzclaw served as president of the Utica Institute until his death in 1943.

In 2003, Utica Junior College (the Utica campus of what had evolved into Hinds Community College, serving five counties) celebrated its centennial, including the dedication of the William Henry Holtzclaw library.

The theme for the celebration was, “Embracing the Legacy, Upholding the Promise.” The school logo reflects this theme and founding date in the outlying border of the circle. Displayed in the circle’s center is the bell tower, one of the Utica Campus’s oldest remaining structures, “which symbolizes the start of the school and the freedom to educate African Americans and eventually, a diverse student body.”

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Where were you? Here is the 9-11 timeline.

September 11, 2001
Timeline (Eastern Daylight Time):

7:59 A.M. – American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767 with 92 people on board, departs Boston’s Logan International Airport bound for Los Angeles International Airport.

8:14 A.M. – United Airlines Flight 175, a Boeing 767 with 65 people on board, departs from Boston’s Logan International Airport bound for Los Angeles International Airport.

8:20 A.M. – American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 with 64 people on board, departs Washington Dulles International Airport bound for Los Angeles International Airport.

8:40 A.M. – The FAA notifies NORAD’s Northeast Air Defense Sector of the suspected hijacking of American Airlines Flight 11.

8:42 A.M. – United Airlines Flight 93, a Boeing 757 with 44 people on board, departs from Newark International Airport bound for San Francisco International Airport.

8:43 A.M. – The FAA notifies NORAD’s Northeast Air Defense Sector of the suspected hijacking of United Airlines Flight 175.

8:45 A.M. – American Airlines Flight 11 crashes into the north World Trade Center tower (1 Tower).

8:46 A.M. – Jet fighters are scrambled from Otis Air National Guard Base in Fallmouth, Massachusetts.

9:03 A.M. – United Airlines Flight 175 crashes into the south World Trade Center tower (2 Tower).

9:08 A.M. – The FAA bans all takeoffs of flights going to or through New York airspace.

9:17 A.M. – The FAA shuts down all New York City-area airports.

9:21 A.M. – All bridges and tunnels into Manhattan are closed.

9:24 A.M. – The FAA notifies NORAD’s Northeast Air Defense Sector of the suspected hijacking of American Airlines Flight 77.

9:25 A.M. – The FAA orders shutdown of all airports nationwide, banning takeoffs of all civilian aircraft.

9:31 A.M. – President George W. Bush makes a statement from Emma Booker Elementary School in Sarasota, Florida calling the crashes an “apparent terrorist attack.”

9:48 A.M. – The White House’s West Wing and the U. S. Capitol are evacuated.

@9:55 A.M. – Scrambled Jet fighters reach Washington, D.C. area.

9:57 A.M. – President George W. Bush leaves Sarasota, Florida.

9:59 A.M. – The south World Trade Center tower (2 Tower) collapses.

@10:07 A.M. – United Airlines Flight 93 crashes near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.

10:10 A.M. – A walled section of The Pentagon collapses.

10:28 A.M. – The north World Trade Center tower (1 Tower) collapses.

10:50 A.M. – New York’s primary elections are postponed.

10:56 A.M. – Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat makes a statement offering condolences.

11:00 A.M. – New York Mayor Rudy Guiliani orders the evacuation of lower Manhattan south of Canal Street.

11:04 A.M. – The United Nations is completely evacuated.

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Taste Santa Cruz Mountains chili varieties at St. Andrew’s Chili Cook Off Sept. 19

Amateur chefs will be competing in Ben Lomond for bragging rights as Master Chili Chef

Iron-kettle chefs in the San Lorenzo Valley will be bringing pots of their specialty chili recipes to Ben Lomond on Sunday, Sept. 19 for the annual St. Andrew’s Chili Cook Off.

The lines begin forming for the taste fest beginning at noon following Sunday services at St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church, at Riverside Avenue and Glen Arbor Road in Ben Lomond, one short block off Highway 9.

In addition to the trophy for the best chili, all attendees will be voting for prize certificates in several other categories, including Best Vegetarian, Hottest Chili, Kids’ Favorite Chili and others.

Tickets for the Chili Cook Off are $10. and each ticket includes salad, beverage, a chance to get a taste portion of every single chili entry, plus a contest ballot. Based on past years’ entries, there should be a chili to match every taste.

The cook off promises to be “hotly” contested, with all ballots to be counted and winning chilies announced shortly before 3 pm., or when the chili runs out.

To taste samples of the best, most original chili recipes in the Santa Cruz Mountains, head to Ben Lomond, noon to 3 p.m., on Sunday, Sept. 19, for the annual St. Andrew’s Chili Cook Off.

For information about competing in the St. Andrew’s Chili Cook Off, call 831-336-5157.

For more information and media inquiries, contact Barry Holtzclaw, at 831-246-0648.

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Santa Barbara oil spill four decades ago resulted in historic efforts to protect the environment

“Tonight the permanent seal of the oil spill is underway,” Diane Sawyer told her ABC World News Tonight audience this week. While the “relief well” won’t be drilled until later this month, Sawyer – and most other media commentators – couldn’t hold back gushers of optimism that the “final fix” (as Sawyer’s writers put it) of the BP oil spill was at hand.

The desire for good news is understandable, since what was left of BP’s Deepwater Horizon rig had been pouring out nothing but bad news – and about 5 million barrels of crude oil – into the Gulf of Mexico since it blew up on April 21.

For many Californians, the BP disaster stirred memories of Union Oil’s Santa Barbara oil spill in January 1969. That disaster ended a decade of feverish construction of drilling rigs in the Santa Barbara channel and led to historic responses by the federal government to protect the environment.

So far, the Gulf oil spill has resulted in nothing approaching the response to the Santa Barbara spill, even though the BP crude oil spill is 50 times greater.

The Santa Barbara spill, which occurred at the height of the Vietnam War, spawned:

The national environmental movement, signaled by the first Earth Day in April 1970
The National Environmental Policy Act, instituting a federal role in environmental protection
Creation of the Environmental Protection Agency, in 1970
Passage of the first federal Clean Waters Act in 1972

The president at the time? Republican Richard Nixon.

This black-gunk-covered beach is how the Santa Barbara Harbor seawall looked after the 1969 spill

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Recollection of a reflection: a Buffalo student protest in 1969

Here is a Spectrum [the SUNY Buffalo student newspaper] editorial that I wrote on March 20, 1969, and published in the next day’s edition.

It was written after a two-day student sit-in at the Hayes Hall administration building on what is now the “old” UB campus had been ended by a court injunction and arrests. The students had been seeking to declare the campus a sanctuary for a group of draft resisters.

The editorial was reprinted in “Promoting the Decline of the Rising State: Documents of Resistance and Renewal from the Alternative Community: Buffalo, 1965-76,” by Elwin “Ed” H. Powell, a UB sociology professor and former campus activist who died in 2001. (Reprinted from Catalyst,1977). I stumbled across the article while Googling UB and the Sixties, which led me to buffalonian.com, a cool history site.

Why republish it again? Well, it’s a bit of history, my history actually, that may have relevance 41 years later.
* * * *
Ring Dem Bells

“The Butler bells, dangling in the pinnacle atop “Beyer Hall”, rang all night Wednesday. One hundred and fifty helmeted Buffalo blueshirts silenced them Thursday morning. Thursday afternoon the bells – donated ironically enough by the owner of the Buffalo Evening News and WBEN – began ringing again. The clock was stuck at twelve, its bells ringing uncontrollably, unable to move its hands, not knowing whether it was noon or midnight, darkness or day.

That’s how we feel, like that big weather-beaten clock face, looking with that same blank inscrutability in all four directions.

The cops finally came. Didn’t prove too much. We knew that if we pushed hard enough, the blueshirts would eventually appear. The response to the ‘demands’ never came. We knew it most likely never could.

Actions speak louder than words: the destruction of Themis; the smashing of a window; a building renamed; panic in a crowded room; the block-long line of police; the police escort of a president; the issuance of a court order.

The revolution has still not come. We realize now that it is something which has been happening and will continue to happen. It was felt before it was thought.

Two days’ activity has not polarized people. It has rather brought closer to the surface the polarities within us and among us.

We must accept the fact that order is a thing of the past, that in these times stability is an obscenity.

Braking actions can only be viewed by a movement as repressive, and it is therefore not surprising that liberals end up using repressive mechanisms to “slow things down a little.” Wednesday’s lesson, however, is that repression actually functions as an accelerating, rather than a decelerating force.

So the pigs have come and gone – perhaps to return another day.

It’s not a stable place they have left. Neither is it particularly promising, except that it is certainly active. We must embrace this energy and realize its exciting potential, for within it lies our only hope.

Before, as a friend once said, it makes pigs of all of us.

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Clunker trucks to get a blessing on June 24 at St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church in Ben Lomond

In coastal towns for centuries, fishing boats have traditionally received blessings for safety and a good fishing season. In Northern California’s San Lorenzo Valley, where narrow roads wind beneath towering redwoods,  pickup trucks are just as important to the families that live and work in the mountains.  Dogs, dirt, straw, trash, tools, brush, lumber, furniture, motorcycles — all get carried under caps, in short beds and long beds. And they seem to last forever. Trucks from the early ’50s are a common sight, their big round headlights on  rounded fenders, protected by sturdy rust-dotted chrome bumpers. Sharing the road wth them are the newer generations of pickups, the hemi behemoths with four doors, four-wheel drive, bedliners, air-conditioning, trailer hitches and voice-activated bluetooth. The Prius hybrids, old Volvo station wagons and nondescript white sedans always defer to the pickups on the mountain roads. In parking lots at the market, or the hardware store, retrievers can be seen sitting in the driver’s seat, waiting for their masters to return. 

While the trucks seem to cruise on airfoils of invincibility, a little extra good luck, good wishes, even a good old-fashioned blesssing couldn’t hurt. After all, car repair costs can be catastrophic in paycheck-to-paycheck country.

That’s where Mike Freeman, a retired lawyer, got the idea: Ask his rector at St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church in Ben Lomond to preside at a special event to bless trucks, especially old trucks. Mike uses his old truck to carry him to aid in search and rescue operations in the Santa Cruz mountains. Father Blaine Hammond, a new transplant to the San Lorenzo Valley from the southwest Washington coast, also happens to have an old truck. A kindred spirit. One who appreciates the value of a good blessing now and then. Not to mention the sense of community it can bring.

So on Saturday, June 24, all pickup trucks – especially old trucks – are invited to a blessing from Fr. Hammond in the parking lot of the historic redwood church.

The first annual Blessing of Old Pickups begins at 10:30 a.m. at 101 Riverside Avenue , Ben Lomond. Each truck will receive a blessing, prayers for safety and long (engine) life, as well as a blessing certificate. Oh, the event just happens to occur on St. Christopher’s Day.

While special attention will be paid to old pickups with six figures on their odometers, all trucks will be welcomed “without regard for make, model or denomination.”

The blessings will be followed by a community barbecue at the church at the corner of Glen Arbor and Riverside Avenue, featuring Corralitos sausages. There are no fees for the blessings, and the public also is invited to the barbecue, for which donations will be accepted.

At the barbecue awards will presented in several categories – the more beat-up the better – including one for the truck “Least Likely to Make It to Felton.” Orders will be taken for special commemorative rear-view mirror medals, hats and t-shirts.

Non-truck-owning spectators also are welcome. The event is likely to be over by noon. After all, it is Saturday, and there is work to be done.

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